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WORDS THAT ARE UNDERLINED WILL TAKE YOU TO A LINK FOR MORE INFORMATION

range of motion (ROM)

the distance and direction a joint can move

resting tremor 

a tremor in a limb that increases when the limb is at rest

retropulsion 

when you take a step backwards if bumped into to catch your step. Ususally seen in people who have a balance issue when walking

rigidity 

When it is really hard to be moved out of position, referring to the movement of a limb

Radicava

The second drug approved by the FDA. Infusions that work by reducing the oxidative stress in the body

Rilutek (riluzole) 

The first medicine approved by the FDA. Helps to prolong the life of a patient with ALS about 90 days

respite care 

When the caregiver has a break and someone else cares for the loved one

S

serotonin 

a chemical that is necessary for the communication between nerve cells

sialorrhea 

Drooling, a lot of drooling

somatostatin 

a hormone produced by many tissues in the body, mainly in the nervous and digestive systems

spasm 

when a muscle or a group of muscles involuntarily contract

spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) 

hereditary disease that destroys the lower motor neurons

sustention (postural) tremor 

tremors in the limbs that increase when the limb is stretched

synapse 

the gap between the end of one nerve cell and the start of another

speech generating device(SGD)

Electronic devices which allow you to communicate without using your voice

speech language pathologist (SLP)

a health care progessional, as well as someone on your MultidisciplinaryTeam  that helps you communicate through multiple strategies

social worker

mental health professional, on your Multidisciplinary Team which helps you connect with support groups and other resources for emotional support

slow vital capacity (SVC)

measures how much air a person can exhale slowly with minimum effort

sniff nasal inspiratory pressure (SNIP)

measures the strength of the diaphragm through sniffs 

spirometer

a machine used to measure how well someone can breath

stem cells

cells that have the ability to self renew

T

thrombus 

a blood clot

tyrosine 

amino acid from which dopamine is made

tracheotomy

a surgical procedure that creates an opening in the windpipe for a breathing machine to be connected and assist in breathing for the person

transferring 

Moving between locations safely. Sometimes used with belts, machines, or caregivers